The business of independent work depends mostly from the results of pupils learning and their future practical activities. Separate work of students is an extremely broad concept, within the interpretation of which various approaches were created, which can be due to variations in comprehending the essence with this event.
Often, independent work is regarded as a split variety of training, along side:
- a lecture,
- a seminar,
- practical classes, etc.
Various ways to separate work of students
At exactly the same time, its essential features consider compulsory classes into the assigned time routine of the university time, work without having the direct participation regarding the teacher, but also for the required control. Based on other statements, separate work involves all active mental task of pupils when you look at the academic process, is the internal basis of interaction between different kinds and kinds of career among by themselves. Considering separate act as the key way of gaining knowledge, adherents of the approach argue it covers cognitive task, which students execute not merely in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, specific interviews, tests, examinations, during defense of coursework, diploma documents, etc. That is, independent work, in accordance with this vision, encompasses a variety and types of the educational procedure.
In essence, separate tasks are a dynamic mental activity of the pupil linked to the execution of an exercise task. The clear presence of an activity and a target installation on its execution are thought to be characteristic signs of independent work. The tasks that pupils need to tackle inside their academic tasks are the ones that concern them:
- assimilation of the product of this subject, which can be considered in the lecture (work with the abstract of this lecture, suggested by the educational literature);
- summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum program;
- re solving tasks, performing experiments, experiments, and so on;
- preparation of abstracts, control works, fixed performances (reports) in the class;
- planning needless to say, diploma, master's works.
Every one of these aspects of the educational procedure are separate work, because pupils perform them to a certain degree independently, in non-auditing time.
Phases of separate work of pupil
Separate work is an academic task associated with the student, targeted at studying and learning the materials regarding the subject minus the direct involvement associated with teacher.
Independent focus on the fulfillment associated with the study task encompasses three stages.
- Preparation regarding the student for the task, theoretical, psychological, organizational, methodological and logistical help of independent work.
- The pupil's theoretical readiness is manifested inside the intellectual readiness, this is certainly, the capability to apply their knowledge towards the task.
- Practical readiness may be the capability to optimally plan a completely independent work, skillfully utilize the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, psychological operations (analysis, synthesis, contrast, generalization, classification, etc.).
- The pupil's psychological readiness presupposes, to start with, the current presence of motives for performing a certain task. To help the duty set before the pupil to be the motive of his mental, practical task, it should be observed by him. The interior perception of this task starts with an actualization for the motive, which encourages the pupil to do the job, and, properly, to arrange their particular separate work.
- The prosperity of the preparatory phase relies on the organizational, methodological, material and technical support for the pupil's independent work (availability of literary works, methodological recommendations, artistic helps, information and computer base, etc.).
- Direct execution associated with the study assignment. This is the most critical & most accountable phase in the pupil's independent work. Because the academic task and a lot of frequently happens within the educational-cognitive kind, in the act of its implementation included all psychological procedures offering intellectual task: sensation, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The potency of the job is influenced by such individual characteristics of this student as commitment, persistence, obligation, etc.
- Analysis of this finished task may be the last phase of independent work. Throughout the analysis, the student evaluates (by self-control, often inter-control) the high quality and period of the task, the efficiency regarding the techniques and tools used in the entire process of separate work.